WHY DENTAL IMPLANT!
What are dental implants? The dental implant replaces the root of one or more missing teeth. After the prosthetics with crowns, the masticatory function (chewing) is restored. What are dental implants made of and in which cases are they used? Dental implants are made of titanium, which is biocompatible with the human body. They can be used to treat partial or complete edentulousness. When the adjacent teeth are intact and just one tooth is missing, it is preferable to place a dental implant before filing down the natural teeth for metal-ceramic crowns. The dental implant protects the bone from functional resorption (loss of volume), thanks to the functional load that is applied to it as a result of the masticatory act. It improves the stabilization of a removable prosthesis (overdenture). Dental implants also help with orthodontic treatment, in certain cases.
Why choose a treatment with dental implants instead of a removable denture?
Dental implants have a number of advantages over removable dentures. The first reason to choose a treatment with dental implants instead of placing removable dentures is the comfort you will feel. When wearing removable dentures, they are often fixed with glue and still move throughout the day and create discomfort for the patient. Patients often worry that their prosthesis may fall out while talking or smiling. Also, when wearing prostheses, the patient cannot eat whatever they want, but it is required to follow a specific diet. The prostheses are difficult to clean, they wear out and need to be replaced. This does not happen with dental implants and the crowns placed on them. They are not removable, are cleaned like natural teeth, and do not have an expiration date.
What types of dental implants exist?
There are different types of dental implants - two-part (classical) and one-part (basal and compressive).
What is the difference between classical dental implants and basal dental implants?
Classical dental implants are two-part implants. They are placed into the cancellous bone (spongy bone). Once the dental implants are placed, it takes time before the crowns can be placed, because of osseointegration. Depending on the anatomy of the jaws, the patients need to wait for several months (for the upper jaw - 6 months and for the lower - 3 months). The success of these dental implants depends on the general health of the patient, the condition of the tissues in the oral cavity, and whether the process of osseointegration has been successful (do not overload the implants).
When planning their placement, computed tomography is often required to assess the available bone volume. In the case of larger voluminous sinus cavities and in the presence of a small amount of bone, dental implants cannot always be placed. Very often, treatment with classic dental implants is preceded by sinus lift and bone augmentation, which prolongs the treatment and the success cannot be predicted. After the process of osseointegration of the dental implants, it is necessary to open and place a gingival shaper (it has the function to form the soft tissues around the future crown). The patient needs to wear the gingival shaper for 15 days, then impressions are taken (direct or indirect) to prepare the future constructions.
Classical dental implants may not help in all cases, especially in patients with severe periodontitis, large bone loss, or simply in cases where the patient wants to regain his masticatory function more quickly. Such cases can be treated with immediate bi-cortical dental implants (basal implants). They are one-piece dental implants. It is not necessary to wait for osseointegration before they are loaded. They are placed in the cortical bone (the hard jaw bone). They can be placed in cases of partially or completely edentulous jaws. They do not require a sinus lift or bone augmentation. The treatment with basal implants can be performed only within a few working days, including the placement of the crowns. They are suitable for patients who smoke and for patients with diabetes, as they are placed in the deeper layers of the bone, they don't require a lifting of the flap (as it is the case with classical dental implants), there is no tissue injury and no wounds are formed. Accordingly, the tissues recover faster and there is no prerequisite for bacterial infection, this ensures the success of the treatment with immediate dental implants.
Are dental implants suitable for people with chronic diseases?
The innovative method of basal implantology is suitable for people suffering from diabetes, high blood pressure, periodontitis, as well as smokers.
How does the restoration process go after dental implants?
During the postoperative period, swelling, tension, and discomfort in the area of some teeth are possible, but this is a completely normal reaction of the body, which will soon disappear naturally (within a few days). It is only necessary to take your prescribed medication as recommended by your doctor and not to eat any food for two hours after the procedure.
Is there any pain when placing dental implants?
During the manipulation, patients do not feel any pain, as the procedure is performed under local anesthesia.